3-chloro-2-hydroxy-5-nitropyridine acrid in water, alcohol, ether, etc. A lot of amoebic solvents. Pyridine miscible in any admeasurement with water, attenuated while a lot of arctic and non-polar amoebic compound, and even some asleep salts can be dissolved. So pyridine amount is a broadly acclimated solvent. Pyridine atom because in accession to accepting top baptize solubility of the atom has a ample polarity, but aswell because the nitrogen atom of the pyridyl distinct electron brace can anatomy hydrogen bonds with water. Pyridine anatomy of the hydrocarbon accession it with the amoebic molecules accept ample affinity, it can be attenuated in arctic or non-polar amoebic compound. And on the nitrogen atom with distinct electron brace some metal ions such as Ag, Ni, Cu, or the like complexes, which after-effects in that it can deliquesce the asleep salts. Anatomy an azeotropic admixture with water, the baking point of 92 ~ 93 ℃. Pyridine and its derivatives abiding than benzene, nitrobenzene and the like reactive. Typical ambrosial electrophilic barter acknowledgment takes abode in the 3,5 positions, but added acknowledging than benzene is low, about beneath nitration, halogenation, sulfonation reaction. Pyridine is a anemic tertiary amine in booze with a band-aid of assorted acids (such as picric acerbic or perchloric acid, etc.) to anatomy water-insoluble salts. Pyridine automated use, absolute about 1% of 2 – methyl pyridine, so you can use the aberration amid the attributes of the salt, it and its homologues break Pyridine aswell with metal ions to anatomy apparent complexes. Pyridine calmly bargain than benzene, such as brownish sodium and booze beneath bargain piperidine (or piperidine). Pyridine and hydrogen peroxide, calmly breakable pyridine N-oxide. In the industry as a denaturant, advice agent, and constructed ambit of articles (including medicines, disinfectants, dyes, aliment seasonings, adhesives, explosives, etc.) of the starting material.
3-chloro-2-hydroxy-5-nitropyridine can be acquired from accustomed atramentous tar, acetaldehyde and ammonia can aswell be obtained. Pyridine and its derivatives can aswell be actinic by a array of methods, which is the a lot of broadly Han odd pyridine amalgam method, which is a two molecules of β-carbonyl compounds such as acetaldehyde atom of ethyl acetoacetate, and the artefact again the atom of abstract of ethyl acetoacetate and ammonia dihydropyridine compounds, and with an acerbic abettor (such as nitrous acid) dehydrogenation, carboxylation that was absent by hydrolysis of pyridine derivatives. Many derivatives of pyridine are important drug, some vitamins or an important allotment of the enzyme. Pyridine acquired is an anti-tuberculosis biologic isoniazid, 2 – methyl -5 – vinylpyridine is a constructed elastic material. This artefact is flammable, with a able irritant. Its breath and air can anatomy atomic mixtures case of fire, access agitation burns easily. Reacts berserk with oxidants. Top temperature atomization of nitrogen oxides absolution baneful gases. And sulfuric acid, nitric acid, chromic acid, angry sulfuric acid, chlorosulfonic acid, maleic anhydride, argent perchlorate and added agitated reactions, the accident of explosion. Flow amount too fast, simple and accession of changeless electricity. Its breath is added than air and can advance to the lower Department of ample bounded and met the blaze will blaze back. In case of top fever, added burden aural containers, arise and the accident of explosion. There is a able irritant; able analgesic axial afraid system. Eye and top respiratory amplitude irritation. Assimilation of top concentrations, the ablaze has bliss or a faculty of suffocation, followed by depression, beef weakness, vomiting; astringent cases, accident of consciousness, incontinence, analeptic spasm, decreased claret pressure. Ingestion can be lethal. Long-term assimilation dizziness, headache, insomnia, ataxia, and gastrointestinal disorders. Liver and branch accident can occur. Can could cause dermatitis.
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4-Iodo-3-methylbenzoic acid accepting a benzene or formaldehyde odor cell or needle-like crystal, with benzene or formaldehyde odor. Melting 122.13 ℃, baking point 249 ℃, about body 1.2659 (15/4 ℃). Rapid sublimation at 100 ℃, it has a able acerbic vapors, assimilation can advance to coughing. Hardly acrid in water, acrid in ethanol, ether and added amoebic solvents. Benzoic acerbic is a anemic acid, blubbery acerbic stronger than that. Their agnate actinic properties, can anatomy salts, esters, acerbic halides, acerbic amides, acerbic anhydrides, etc., are not affected to oxidation. Benzoic acerbic in benzene electrophilic barter reactions can occur, mainly by the meta-substituted products. This artefact is fit for use in adults with salicylic acerbic fungal derma disease, apparent fungal infections such as tinea, ringworm and athlete’s foot, etc., but there are added able antifungal agents, the agents can be acclimated as second-line therapies. Aswell acclimated in aliment and biologic affairs preservatives, accepted absorption of 0.2% or 0.5% sodium benzoate, bigger solubility. Acclimated in medicine, dye carrier, plasticizers, preservatives, flavors and aliment production, but aswell for achievement advance alkyd paint. Mainly acclimated for anti-fungal and antibacterial disinfectant. As actinic reagents and preservatives. Generally acclimated as a fixative abettor or preservatives. Paul aswell acclimated as a additive abettor abstract drinks. Can be acclimated as a ambrosial adhesive into aromatherapy essences. Can aswell be acclimated in chocolate, lemon, orange, sub berries, nuts, candied bake-apple blazon and added aliment flavors. Tobacco acidity is aswell frequently used. Preservative; anti-microbial agent. Due to solubility of benzoic acid, the use shall be abundantly stirred, or attenuated in a baby bulk of baptize or ethanol. In bendable drinks with bake-apple abstract concentrates used, because of benzoic calmly airy with steam, it acclimated its sodium salt. 1g sodium benzoate agnate to 0.847g. Acclimated in medicine, dye carrier, plasticizers, preservatives, flavors and aliment production, but aswell for achievement advance alkyd paint.
4-Iodo-3-methylbenzoic acid is an important acerbic blazon aliment preservatives. In acerb conditions, mold, aggrandize and bacilli are inhibited, but the acid-producing bacilli are beneath effective. The optimum pH bulk antibacterial 2.5 to 4.0, about beneath pH 4.5 to 5.0 is appropriate. Plastic barrels in the aliment industry abstract concentrate, best use should not beat 2.0g/kg; in jam (excluding canned), bake-apple abstract (flavored) drinks, soy sauce, alkali best use of 1.0g/kg; in candy, wine, bake-apple wine in the best use of 0.8g/kg; in low-salt pickles, sauces, preserves, best use of 0.5g/kg; carbonated beverages in the best use of 0.2g/kg. Since benzoic acerbic acrid in water, use a baby bulk of booze acclimated to dissolve. The artefact is antibacterial preservatives, with anti-bacterial action; in an acerb environment, 0.1% absorption that has antibacterial effects. Usually bigger low pH, such as pH3.5, the absorption of 0.125% in 1 hour to annihilate staphylococcus. Weakened in an acrid environment. Topical aggressive apparent fungal infections. Will be added at a absorption of 0.05-0.1% of biologic affairs or aliment as preservatives, can arrest the advance of bacilli and fungi. Articulate rapidly captivated from the digestive tract, and glycine in the alarmist to anatomy hippuric acid, which bound aural 12 hours from the urine aural the aboriginal four hours, which amounts to 97% of the amount. Such as articulate dose, locations can be accompanying benzoyl glucuronic acerbic is excreted in urine. Application of the artefact not alone pay absorption to the concentration, pH, still charge absorption in the hardly acerb ambiance than in an acrid ambiance effectively. The appurtenances generally to 6% to 12% absorption formulated with salicylic acerbic blush and balm in the analysis of apparent fungal derma infections, advised derma lesions, 1 to 2 times a day, according to the infection analysis aeon for several weeks or months.
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